Human rights are children’s rights too. International human rights instruments recognize that children as well as adults have basic human rights. Children also have the right to special protection because of their vulnerability to exploitation and abuse. The CRC is the most widely ratified human rights treaty in the world . There are only 2 countries which have not signed the CRC: There is only one country which has not signed the CRC that is Somalia.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding instrument for the protection of the rights of the child. The four core principles of the Convention include non-discrimination, the best interest of the child, the right to life, survival and development and respect for the views of the child. The Convention and its two Optional Protocols provide for the economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights of all humans under eighteen years of age.
Article 3 of the CRC upholds the significant principle of the best interest of the child which should be considered whenever a decision regarding a minor is made in all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interest of the child shall be a primary consideration.