Brief Introduction To Human Right And The Millennium Development Goals

Which are the Millennium Development Goals?

  1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  2. Achieve universal primary education
  3. Promote gender equality and empower women
  4. Reduce child mortality
  5. Improve maternal health
  6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  8. Develop a global partnership for development

MDGs and Key Human Rights Table 1
Millennium Development Goals Key Related Human Rights Standards[1]

Goal 1
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 25(1); ICESCR article 11

Goal 2
Achieve universal primary education
Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 25(1); ICESCR articles 13 and 14; CRC article 28(1)(a); CEDAW article 10; CERD article 5(e)(v)

 Goal 3
Promote gender equality and empower women
Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 2;CEDAW; ICESCR article 3; CRC article 2

Goal 4
Reduce child mortality
Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 25; CRC articles 6, 24(2)(a); ICESCR article 12(2)(a)

Goal 5
Improve maternal health
Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 25; CEDAW articles 10(h), 11(f ), 12, 14(b); ICESCR article 12; CRC article 24(2)(d); CERD article 5(e)(iv)

Goal 6
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 25; ICESCR article 12, CRC article 24; CEDAW article 12; CERD article 5(e)(iv)

Goal 7
Ensure environmental sustainability
Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 25(1); ICESCR articles 11(1) and 12; CEDAW article 14(2)(h); CRC article 24; CERD article 5(e)(iii)

Goal 8
Develop a global partnership for development
Charter articles 1(3), 55 and 56; Universal Declaration of Human Rights articles 22 and 28; ICESCR articles 2(1), 11(1) , 15

Human Rights            Millenium Development Goals
 Reflect universal values for all people  Focused on Certain Countries
 Wide Spread Coverage (including poverty)  Focused on Poverty
 Not quantified  Quantified
 Mandatory  Voluntary
 Minimum standards  Achievable Targets
 Not time-bound  Time-bound
 Legally binding  Not legally binding

[1] Human Rights and the Millennium Development Goals – Making the Link (UNDP Report)
[2] Human Rights and the Millennium Development Goals – Making the Link (UNDP Report)